A dissertation for a scientific degree is a specific qualification work that includes a new solution to an important problem or a specific task. It contains scientifically substantiated theoretical or empirical outcomes put forward by the applicant for public defense, scientific positions, characterized by the unity of content, and testifies to the personal contribution of the author to science.
Themes are connected with directions of the research works of scientific establishments and the organizations, approved by scientific councils for each applicant personally with the simultaneous appointment of the adviser.
This paper is prepared by the author independently. The new results and provisions contained in it must pass a kind of examination in public defense. As a scientific work, it must have internal unity and testify to its author's own contribution to science. The new solutions proposed by the applicant must be well reasoned and critically evaluated in comparison with the already known ones. In dissertations that have applied value, information on the practical application of the results received by the author is represented, and in theoretical dissertations – recommendations for the use of conclusions are provided.
If you need to write a good paper, you must understand that this is not an easy task that requires a lot of effort. Many students decide to contact the dissertation writing service with a request to complete their assignment at an affordable price. If this option is convenient for you, contact the professional writers, but if you want to learn how to write a dissertation step by step and are sure that you can do it without anyone's help, then read how to write a dissertation methodology below. It will be useful to you.
To create memorable work, you have to go through several stages. It seems appropriate to consider each step in detail.
The selection of a topic is obviously the most essential stage in the activities of a graduate student or applicant because it sometimes determines the future activities of a person and decisively defines the outcome of the research. As practice shows, choosing a good topic ensures the successful implementation of work. There are three types of themes: topics as a result of the development of problems on which the research team works; initiative topics; ordered topics. It is best to choose the topics of the first group.
Initiative topics can arise in two mutually exclusive situations: both due to good training of the applicant, and his insufficient qualifications and outlook. The supervisor must understand the situation, be able to support the applicant's initiative, but this support should be based on a realistic assessment of the situation and cannot jeopardize the successful completion of the work.
The ordered topics are usually related to the main plans of research work in the industry or association. In terms of relevance and economic significance, the ordered topics have a number of advantages over others, so first of all they need to be analyzed from the standpoint of the reality of implementation and the possibility of creating a theoretical basis.
When choosing a theme, the main criteria should be relevance, novelty, and viability; availability of theoretical basis; the possibility of fulfilling the theme in a particular institution; its connection with specific business plans and long-term programs; the possibility of obtaining from the implementation of the results of the study of technical, economic and social effects.
From the very beginning, the applicant must have a plan, at least a preliminary one, which will be adjusted many times. The previous plan only in the main features gives a description of the subject of research, in the future, such a plan can and should be clarified, but the main task facing the work as a whole should change as little as possible.
The outline has an arbitrary form. As a rule, it consists of a list of headings located in the column, united by the internal logic of the study of this topic. This plan is used in the early stages of work, allowing you to sketch the problem in different versions.
At later stages, a plan-prospectus is drawn up, i.e. an abstract statement of the questions placed in a logical order, according to which all the collected factual material will be further systematized. The expediency of drawing up a plan-prospectus is determined by the fact that by systematically including more and more new data it can be brought to the final structural and factual scheme of the work.
The applicant needs to comprehend the logical sequence of the planned activities. In organizational order, tasks are performed depending on the available opportunities, the order of their implementation may change.
Acquaintance with the scientific works begins immediately after the development of the idea, i.e. the idea of research, which is reflected in the topic and plan of the dissertation. This formulation of the case makes it possible to more purposefully search for references on the chosen topic and better process the material published in the works of other scientists because the origins of the main issues of the problem are almost always laid in previous studies.
After reading, all the material should be systematized, i.e. placed according to the plan. It is also important to remove unnecessary material (duplicates, intersecting materials, etc.). Further processing of the material should answer the question of the completeness of the collected information, whether it is enough for work.
After searching for relevant information, you can proceed to the direct writing process and structure a dissertation. It is clear that there cannot be any standard composition of this paper. Each author is free to choose the order of presentation of materials, which, in his opinion, will best, and most convincingly reveal the general creative idea.
Traditionally, there is a certain composition of the dissertation with the following main elements:
The content is presented at the beginning of the work.
The list of symbols, units, abbreviations, and terms is submitted as a separate list before the introduction.
If you want to learn how to start a dissertation correctly, pay attention that the introduction should substantiate the relevance of the selected theme, general aim, and content of tasks, determine the object and subject of research, specify the chosen method (or several methods), theoretical importance and applied significance of the results, outline the provisions. Thus, the introduction is a very responsible part, as it contains all the necessary qualification characteristics of the research.
In the main part, the basic techniques and methods of research are analyzed in detail and the results are generalized. All materials irrelevant to the solution of a particular problem are provided in appendices. The content of chapters of the main part should correspond to the theme and fully cover it. The author should briefly, logically, and argumentatively present the material in accordance with the requirements for scientific papers submitted for publication. Each section ends with short conclusions of up to 1 page.
The general conclusion provides a generalized final assessment of the work performed. Here it is important to pay attention to its main meaning, important scientific results, new scientific tasks that arise in connection with the research. The final part complements the description of the theoretical level of the dissertation, as well as demonstrates the level of professional maturity and scientific qualifications of its author. In the conclusions, you can also make practical suggestions, which must follow from the range of work carried out personally by the dissertation and implemented in the workplace. This increases the value of theoretical materials.
After the general conclusions, it is appropriate to include a bibliographic list of used literature – one of the essential parts of the paper, which reproduces the independent creative work of the dissertation. The applicant is obliged to refer to the sources from which the dissertation uses materials, individual results, ideas, or conclusions. Such links make it possible to find documents and verify the accuracy of citations of certain scientific papers, provide the necessary information about them, and help to clarify their content, language, volume.
Auxiliary or additional materials that overload the text of the main part, but are necessary for the completeness of its perception, it is advisable to add to the appendices.
The dissertation is sometimes accompanied by auxiliary indexes placed after the appendices. The most common are alphabetical indexes, i.e. a list of basic concepts found in the text, indicating the pages where they are mentioned.
We should allocate the following among the useful tips on the technique of writing:
So, we have provided you with a complete guide on how to write a dissertation introduction, how to write a dissertation conclusion, and how to write and format a paper in general. Try to study it carefully and follow our instructions. This will help you to properly organize the work process and create a unique paper.