Abortion can be defined as the removal of a fetus from a pregnant female’s womb before the birth due date. Two main types of abortion commonly performed are the medical abortion and the surgical abortion. Both of these abortions require the pregnant female to be placed under medical care. Each has its own advantages and risks.
A medical abortion is the kind that can be performed during the early weeks, up to the seventh week of pregnancy. It basically involves the female taking several medications that trigger the uterus to reject and expel the pregnancy tissues and the embryo. During a medical abortion, the female first takes a drug known as mifepristone, which is also commonly known as RU 486. This drug operates by making the lining of the uterus thin, therefore, making the cervix very soft. In some cases, the physician gives the female a drug known as methotrexate in the place of RU 486.