Abortion can be defined as the removal of a fetus from a pregnant female’s womb before the birth due date. Two main types of abortion commonly performed are the medical abortion and the surgical abortion. Both of these abortions require the pregnant female to be placed under medical care. Each has its own advantages and risks.
A medical abortion is the kind that can be performed during the early weeks, up to the seventh week of pregnancy. It basically involves the female taking several medications that trigger the uterus to reject and expel the pregnancy tissues and the embryo. During a medical abortion, the female first takes a drug known as mifepristone, which is also commonly known as RU 486. This drug operates by making the lining of the uterus thin, therefore, making the cervix very soft. In some cases, the physician gives the female a drug known as methotrexate in the place of RU 486.
This drug acts by stopping the pregnancy from progressing. The latter drug can also stop the growth of an ectopic pregnancy. If this kind of pregnancy is allowed to progress, it could rapture the uterus of the female, and therefore, threaten the life of the woman. Each one of these drugs can be administered orally or through the vagina.
Two days after the administration of the drug, the female begins experiencing strong contractions within the uterus which makes her feel like she is having strong cramps.
Given the many side effects of this drug, it is recommended that the female consult a doctor so the doctor can determine if the female can safely complete the abortion procedure.
A surgical abortion, on the other hand, entails dilating the cervix of the female and then removing the contents of the uterus. The cervix area of a female is the narrow lower section of the uterus that joins the vaginal canal. The cervix has a small pinhole opening through which a female’s menstrual fluid flows and where sperm can travel in to fertilize the ova. A doctor who is performing a surgical abortion must first dilate the cervix to create enough space to allow the instruments to pass through into the uterus.
Surgical abortions are performed at about six to seven months after the female becomes pregnant. There are several methods in performing a surgical abortion, but all abortions must be performed in a doctor’s office or clinic. Even though the later kinds of abortion are referred to as surgical abortions, women who undergo surgical abortions are not put under general anesthesia, which poses extra risks to the female.
Essay writing tips:
The issues involving abortions are considerable and complex; therefore, they cannot be comprehensively explored in a five-page essay. For that reason, when asked to compose a five-page essay on abortion, it is better to select a few main points concerning abortion and then explore those points in the essay. In this paper, the main ideas selected are the two types of abortions commonly performed on females who wish to terminate their pregnancies. After defining each type of abortion, the body paragraph offers a brief explanation of how each procedure is performed.
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